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The MA in Security and Diplomacy Studies at UCLan Cyprus is a new course, being introduced at a time of heightened interest in such fields of international relations. The end of the Cold War appears not to have heralded, after all, any “New World Order”. The globe remains as troubled as ever by Great Power rivalries, local and regional antipathies, the absence of any (international) rule of law, economic and financial disruption and dislocation, and military (whether conventional or non-conventional) proliferation. The media (including the film industry) has never been more obsessed by gangsters, terrorists and spies, as well as the early 21st century’s contribution to employment, in the form of bloggers and hackers.
The MA in Security and Diplomacy Studies will be taught by those with years of experience and undisputed achievement in the diplomatic profession, international organisations and the military. The international environment currently renders those with relevant scholarly expertise, obtained from internationally respected academic institutions, a wealth of diverse career opportunities. The course has been designed with a mind to maximising these further, with individual modules focusing on such matters as public diplomacy, military and strategic thinking, and role play.
Cyprus has much to contribute in the field of international relations: what with its favourable geographical position; good diplomatic relations with a range of, often antagonistic (with each other), partners; and, the opportunity to play a central role in the stabilisation of a long troubled region. It is, timely, therefore, with its emerging credentials as a world-class University that UCLan Cyprus introduces this important course in Security and Diplomacy Studies.
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|IR4024||Modern Diplomacy||10|| More Details
This compulsory and foundational module for the course will examine the correspondence between government and its foreign service. The tools available to make a state’s foreign policy effective, including the ways in which new media and technology is changing the face of the foreign service, shall be examined also. Diplomacy encapsulates a range of diverse requirements (from culture to trade). Naturally, any foreign service needs to represent the state and its citizens abroad, but it also needs to secure it and them at home. In that respect, the success (or not) of any policy and/or approach can be judged by the way in which crises are handled and the extent to which they are avoided.
|IR4027||Security: State & Society Protection from Internal & External Threats||10|| More Details
The world became less certain with the demise of the Cold War. New dangers, unfamiliar faces and structures emerged, which have made a much more secure world hardly seem so. Organisations that have prevailed need to be able to adapt to those new challenges. The world which has experienced little other than war and massacre for a century is tired of such and now demands new ways of handling crises. Peace has drawn attention to the desire of many (often from the still developing world) to seek a better life abroad. Naturally this and material progress places pressures on finite resources, besides the environment. Any New World Order was shattered on 9/11. The fear is that terrorists will eventually gain access to weapons of mass destruction. Perhaps man will become increasingly redundant in the conflicts of the future.
|IR4023||Crisis Simulation||10|| More Details
The module combines what the students have learnt during the programme with negotiations techniques to prepare them for a role-playing simulation centered on international responses to a fictitious crisis. The first part of the module discusses constructivist interpretations of international relations (both the subject and the academic discipline), and invites students to consider their own pre-conceptions of war and armed conflict. During the second part of the module students prepare for the simulation, simulate the crisis, and analyse the simulation processes and outcome.
|IR4013||Research Methods in International Relations||10|| More Details
The module aims to explain advanced epistemological and ontological positions underlying dominant research traditions, to provide an advanced account of issues of methodology in International Relations, to explain the importance of theoretical frameworks and epistemological questions to frame international issues and processes; and, to explain how to write a sound research proposal that demonstrates an understanding of the research process and the key principles of research ethics.
|IR4029||Dissertation||30|| More Details
The dissertation aims to enable the students to put into practical effect the research skills acquired during the course and to work in a self-defined field with the objective of producing a substantial piece of work based on critical evaluation and independent thought; to give students the opportunity to carry out extended research on a subject of interest to them; and, to give students the opportunity to show their ability to work independently and at a high quality level, on a substantial project.
|IR4025||Propaganda and Public Diplomacy in an Era of Multimedia Proliferation||10|| More Details
Diplomacy is about so much more than cutting deals and engaging in the means to those ends. A state can represent itself, to good effect, by supporting the arts and exporting its culture, as well as participating in disaster relief and peacekeeping missions. Traditional and new media is a vital tool in ensuring that the message that a state wants to get across, with the right tone also, reaches the widest possible audience. On occasions a state may need to react to hostility from an enemy. This may not be evidenced on the battlefield, and the state concerned shall be required to hit back accordingly. New technology provides new opportunities, but is making it harder to control the discussion: falsehood and accusation can now go viral. Of course, agents of any message need not be employed in a country’s foreign service.
|IR4026||The European Union, Cyprus and the Middle East||10|| More Details
The European Union is one of the 20th century’s greatest success stories. Its probably century long work and ambition is just over halfway towards its realisation. The EU still has to expand more completely into the western Balkans, admit countries in eastern Europe (including the Caucasus) and then there is the question of Russia. Meanwhile, beyond trade, the EU needs to raise its profile in the foreign and security sphere further. This is work in germination and traditional alliances and structures should not be thrown away. To examine the potential of the EU, this module will place special emphasis on the eastern Mediterranean and the Middle East. The Cyprus problem needs finally to be resolved, Turkey re-admitted to the family of European nations and a new security framework established in the region. The Middle East will remain next door and the European Union, served by littoral states such as Cyprus, has much to contribute in enabling the peoples of the three faiths to live and trade with each other.
|IR4020||The Role of International Law in the Attainment & Maintenance of International Peace and Security||10|| More Details
Security and Diplomacy Studies are not automatically associated with international law. Nevertheless, knowledge of it is an essential component in any diplomat’s armoury. International law continues to evolve. The subjects of international law continue to broaden. Responsibility is increasingly being placed on the shoulders of individuals, rather than simply states. The world appears ever less tolerant towards resolving disputes via armed conflict; alternative (more pacific) methods are demanded. In this sense, the increased prevalence of international and regional institutions, such as the United Nations and OSCE, becomes ever more central to the maintenance of international peace and security. Besides, the world still has to be carved up. Land territory may have been determined, but the coming century will witness the final delimitation of the seas, and then there will be outer space (no doubt).
|IR4028||The History and Evolution of Military and Strategic Thinking||10|| More Details
The world did not notice that much has changed in war studies during the past three decades. New nuclear powers have come onto the scene, traditional enemies have been replaced by those who plot from their living rooms and war is increasingly prosecuted from behind a desk (even in a bedroom). Security services are having to teach themselves these new dynamics and, in a hurry, learn how to react to these most insidious of threats. The victim has inevitably been the privacy of all; a sacrifice worth paying provided it is not abused by those who claim that their only wish is to make us more secure. Ever greater emphasis is placed on the military acting as a peacekeeper. New skills and techniques are having to be learnt. Man has invented the ultimate weapon, but soft power and its exercise has never been more essential.
|IR4022||International Political Economy in a Globalised World||10|| More Details
Diplomacy requires knowledge of a wide range of activities. Such was always so, except that the emphasis has changed somewhat in recent decades. In many diplomatic missions across the globe, the emphasis is not on high politics, but in promoting bilateral trade and commerce. Economic policy is ever more transnational. Many nations no longer have direct governance over it: consider the Eurozone, and the impact of the crisis in countries such as Greece and Cyprus. The developing world is developing, but expectations have never been higher and citizens have never been more unwilling to sacrifice their dreams to their descendants. A more transnational financial and banking system, naturally, has its risks. Criminals find and exploit those zones where regulation is inadequate. Meanwhile, the global lifestyle places ever greater demands on energy and the environment. Man will soon have to start giving something back.
|IR4021||Shifting Spheres of Influence: West Encounters East||10|| More Details
For a brief period after the end of the Cold War it seemed as if the world would be dominated by a single superpower. Such did not last long. The past 25 years have demonstrated that it is neither desirable nor possible for any one nation to reign supreme. During this period other powers have emerged / returned to the fold: particularly, the European Union, China and Russia. It will be interesting to see how the United States responds to the emergence of a local rival; the extent to which China and Russia are able to bury their natural rivalry. Meanwhile, other medium-sized powers (Brazil, South Africa, India and Iran) are coming to the fore. The coming period will be marked by the shape that the Arab Spring assumes, whether Russia can ever bring itself to join the European family of nations and if nuclear proliferation can be increasingly adjusted to peaceful (rather than hostile) purposes.
Graduates will hold substantive knowledge in the fields of security and diplomacy as well as a wider appreciation of international affairs; all of these being key transferable tools valued highly by a range of employers.
Graduates in the fields of security and diplomacy are highly employable in a wide-range of careers: the diplomatic corps, intelligence services, military, law enforcement, the public service more generally, international organisations, non-governmental organisations, policy “think tanks”, journalism and tertiary education.