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The LLM at UCLan Cyprus will enable students to focus on a range of very different subjects, of use for their future professional career, if they wish, but also specialise in a range of exciting fields for those preferring a narrower focus. By introducing new, special option modules, five areas of concentration have been developed in the fields of:
> International Energy Law
> European Union Law
> Law and International Security
> International Business Law
> Financial and Commercial Law
The LLM (Master of Laws) is available to students from both a legal and non-legal background. Classes are taught during the late afternoon and evening. The course does not have any examinations, but has a compulsory Dissertation. Emphasis is placed on private research and study, assisted by the University’s outstanding law resources and databases. Therefore, class contact time is limited; reflective of a desire to offer a world-class course of interest to the talented, serious and dedicated student only, whilst providing the necessary flexibility for those juggling other professional and personal commitments.
|CODE||MODULE TITLE||ECTS||MODULE DETAILS|
|LA4505||Advanced Legal Systems||10|| More Details
This module shall provide the essential skills of research, interpretation and application of legal sources required for postgraduate study of international, EU and domestic law. It is important that students understand the relative roles of the various actors in the domestic, European Union and international law policy-making processes. The significance of international law as an influence upon EU and domestic law (and vice versa) shall be considered. The module shall ensure that students understand the basic concepts which underlie the creation of, the operation of and adjudication of international, domestic and EU law.
|LA4095||Dissertation||30|| More Details
The dissertation aims
|INTERNATIONAL ENERGY LAW|
|LA4509||Oil and Gas: Public Law||10|| More Details
This module shall consider the international regulatory framework and its practical application to the oil and gas industry. Specific national and regional regulatory frameworks and their inter-relation with the international framework will be examined. Various regulations will be considered in detail: petroleum licensing; production sharing agreements and the specific issues that arise; technical service agreements; and, international maritime boundaries.
|LA4510||Oil and Gas: Private Law||10|| More Details
This module examines the roles and relationships of principal organisations within the oil and gas industry. Students will develop a knowledge and understanding of the main contracting and licensing agreements and the principal standard form contracts. The module intends to set the topics within a multidisciplinary background concentrating on risk allocation and dispute resolution, with emphasis on the legal dimension of these aspects. In addition, the module attempts to make clear an understanding of the key principles of public international law underlying the legal relationships.
|EUROPEAN UNION LAW|
|LA4931||EU Constitutional Law and Governance||10|| More Details
The aim of this module is to provide the students with a solid grounding in the most relevant aspects of constitutional and institutional law of the EU and the governance of the EU. This module will consider the theoretical and legal background to the formation and development of the European Union up to today, including through a review of the amending Treaties up to the Treaty of Lisbon and of the enlargement process to date. Union institutions, legislation and governance, the relationship between EU law and the national law of the member states will also be examined. The semester will conclude with emphasis on the judicial process, grounds for review and remedies.
|LA4950||EU Trade Law and Policy||10|| More Details
The aim of this module is to provide the students with a good understanding of the most relevant aspects of constitutional law and of governance of the EU external relations. This will include: characteristics and position of the EU in the international context; structure and powers of the EU institutions in relation to external relations; law and policy making procedures in external relations of the EU. Students will be expected to develop a critical and comprehensive understanding of the constitutional bases/governance of the external relations of the EU, including through a review of key case law in this field.
|LA4932||EU Single Market Law||10|| More Details
The central aim of this module is to critically analyse the purpose, process and principles of the substantive law of the EU as it affects business within the EU. The main areas covered will be the free movement of goods, free movement of persons (especially workers and job-seekers and their families), freedom of establishment, competition rules, dispute resolution mechanisms and an overview of EU worker's rights. Students will also be expected to develop a good understanding of: the legal position of non-EU nationals / businesses within the EU Single Market and the impact of EU Single Market developments on (people and businesses in) non-EU countries.
|LA4601||EU Competition Law||10|| More Details
This module seeks to analyse the way competition law affects particular commercial phenomena in the EU, taking into consideration the current global economic context. Overall, it provides an in-depth legal and economic analysis of anti-competitive agreements between firms, abuse of dominant position, mergers and state intervention from the perspective of market power, its abuse and its regulation in the EU. This module will also allow for critical reflection on the many recent developments in EU and international competition law, including in the context of their modernisation and in the light of the current economic and financial crisis.
|LAW AND INTERNATIONAL SECURITY|
|LA4501||International Criminal Law and Security||10|| More Details
The module aims to provide students with a critical understanding of international criminal law and its application in practice, with emphasis on the interplay of the legal, political, and moral issues within this field of international law. This includes analytical outlook on the Nuremberg trials, addressing the key aspects in the procedures and decisions of international criminal tribunals since the mid-1990s (e.g. ICTY, ICTR, SCSL, STL, ICC), and developing an in-depth understanding of the categories and elements of international crimes. In particular, students will be expected to develop comprehensive understanding of the functioning of the International Criminal Court. In addition to the international perspective, the notion and scope of criminal jurisdiction over international crimes in domestic courts are examined, especially the exercise of universal jurisdiction.
|LA4502||Law Relating to Security at Sea||10|| More Details
The aim of the module is to introduce students to the body of international law regulating maritime matters and the current challenges in the regulation of the seas and oceans (including inter alia, fishing, shipping and navigation). Students will focus on the development of the law of the sea, concentrating on the legal framework set out in the 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, other applicable instruments, and under customary international law. The module aims to familiarise students with the various sectors of maritime jurisdiction determined in accordance with international law, including internal waters, the territorial sea, the exclusive economic zone and the high seas, and settlement of disputes arising from them. Also, issues pertaining to the exploitation of natural resources, especially those on the continental shelf and International Seabed Area, are examined, with respect to conservation of the marine environment and protection of the common heritage of mankind.
|LA4934||International Human Rights Law||10|| More Details
The module aims to offer an overview of the history, justifications, institutions and content of International Human Rights Law. It is divided into two parts: the theoretical part of the module asks questions about the aims and objectives of human rights, about the assumptions and distinctions that are made in the human rights literature (such as the distinction between first, second and third generation rights) and ultimately, whether these aims and objectives are realistic. The practical part of the module aims to give the student an overview of the case law of different international judicial bodies in relation to human rights; special attention is paid to the jurisprudence of the European Court of Human Rights, the Human Rights Committee and, where appropriate, other specialised international bodies. This second part aims to examine whether the aspirations of human rights are actually met in practice.
|LA4604||Inter/Intra-State Conflict Settlement||10|| More Details
This module aims to identify and discuss the legal issues that arise during the peace negotiation process following intra or inter-state conflicts. It focuses on the constitution-making process and the extent to which the law – in the form of Security Council or General Assembly resolutions, human rights treaties and case law – can contribute to some of the dilemmas that arise. In addition to exploring these general issues, it examines the specific effect of the law on four frequently occurring questions that arise during conflict settlement negotiations: the question of self-determination of one or more parties to the conflict, the democratic structure of the state in question, the remedying of displaced persons and the extent of international intervention in the domestic affairs of the state. Finally, it assesses whether the international community's expectations about the contribution of the law are realistic and questions whether other (non-legal) tools are more appropriate to help move the negotiations beyond their impasse.
|LA4606||Peacebuilding and the Law||10|| More Details
The module aims to explain the ways in which the law can promote, or fail to promote, peacebuilding in post-conflict societies. It does this by familiarising students with the theoretical debates on the liberal peacebuilding agenda and by giving examples of how legal provisions have contributed to it in different case studies. It focuses on a number of issues that are generally important in post-conflict societies and attract the attention of peacebuilders: the punishment of perpetrators that acted during the conflict, equality provisions in the post-conflict state, the remedying of displaced people and the resolution of potential conflicts between minority and individual rights. Additionally, it examines whether the law can contribute in areas that it has traditionally ignored, but are nevertheless important, in post-conflict societies, such as social justice. By the end of the module, students should be able to critically assess the effectiveness of legal methods in building peace and the use of non-legal tools as an alternative.
|LA4504||Transnational Regulation of Human Trafficking||10|| More Details
The module considers the International, European and national legal framework relating to human trafficking and identifies the legal overlaps with other crimes (e.g. smuggling, slavery). It assesses the European Court of Human Rights approach to human trafficking and provides students with an understanding of the numerous methods of recruitment, transfer and exploitation involved in human trafficking as well as the human rights of victims
|LA4503||Transitional Regulations of Terrorism||10|| More Details
This module examines incidents of international terrorism. It also considers the obligations states have to protect themselves from acts and threats of terrorism and transnational legal responses to terrorism. It concludes with an examination of the rights of individuals suspected of terrorism in the pursuit of protecting human security.
|INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS LAW|
|LA4929||International Commercial Litigation||10|| More Details
The module aims to give students a thorough understanding of the transnational issues that arise in court-based dispute settlement – with a particular emphasis on litigation in Europe. Different approaches to civil procedure and the allocation of jurisdiction within Europe have historically inhibited judicial co-operation in cross-border disputes. EU legislation has been introduced with a view to resolving these differences and ensuring the "free movement of judgments". After introducing the fundamental concepts and relevant international and European instruments, the seminars will encourage students to analyse the strategies adopted by litigants, and to critique the process of harmonisation in Europe. Students will obtain a thorough understanding of both national and EU rules, and will at the same time gain an appreciation of the differences in legal culture that continue to frustrate harmonisation.
|LA4925||International Intellectual Property Law||10|| More Details
This module shall introduce students to the development of international, regional and national laws regulating intellectual property with application to specific issues such as the protection of copyright works, brands, personalities, traditional knowledge and cultural expressions. Intellectual property law in the context of international trade shall be considered. In this context, students should be able to critically assess the differential effect of this type of regulation upon industrialised and less industrialised nations. Whether international protection should be extended to cover areas such as indigenous folkloric artefacts and ecological knowledge shall be addressed.
|LA4921||WTO Law and Policy||10|| More Details
To introduce students to the fundamental legal concepts and principles of International Trade Law and the theories underpinning its relevance to the global market. To emphasise the importance of rules, norms and institutions to the multilateral trading system. To examine past and recent developments in international trade and the role and impact of the WTO, including trade liberalisation, the position of developing countries in the WTO, the effectiveness of the WTO dispute settlement system and regional integration. To critically assess how international trade law impacts on national economic and non-economic policies of sovereign states. To consider future trends in international and regional trade regulation and learn how the WTO reacts to these via its regulatory framework.
|LA4605||International Commercial Arbitration||10|| More Details
The module aims to explore the role and regulation of arbitration as a method of dispute resolution, adopting a comparative approach and highlighting contrasting approaches to regulation. Students will obtain a thorough understanding of the role and significance of private institutions, national laws and international instruments in providing a framework for arbitration. A particular focus is examination of the ways in which arbitration remains embedded in national legal systems, and a critical assessment of its potential as a 'supra-national' system of dispute resolution. Students will be encouraged to undertake a critical comparison of contrasting national and institutional rules and to consider whether the 1958 New York Convention is still fit for purpose. In the national law context, the principal comparisons will be between English and French law and the UNCITRAL Model Law. At the institutional level, comparison will be made of contrasting provisions selected from the rules of the principal arbitral institutions (e.g. ICC, LCIA).
|LA4985||Shipping and Maritime Commercial Law||10|| More Details
The module aims to provide students, wishing to specialise in shipping and related matters, with a critical understanding of a range of units allowing them to study comprehensively the private and public law aspects of international maritime/shipping law in a commercial and international trade law setting. This includes an analytical outlook of the four main legal areas relating to shipping: Admiralty Law, carriage of goods, marine insurance law and taxation and shipping.
|LA4607||International Sale of Goods||10|| More Details
This module will focus on contracts for the international sale of goods governed by the UN Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods (CISG) and explore the different issues concerning and/or arising under such contracts under the CISG and English sales law using a comparative perspective. This module primarily aims to familiarize students with the CISG, in order to enable them to competently apply the relevant legal rules to a number of possible disputes arising under an international sale contract governed by this Convention.
|FINANCIAL AND COMMERCIAL LAW|
|LA4101||Banking and Financial Services Regulation||10|| More Details
This module aims to give students a thorough understanding of the laws governing the international regulation of Banking and Financial Services. To engender a critical approach to understanding the control of regulation, the processes that exist and the division of responsibilities. To highlight the economic and business environment, the context of the legal provisions and current developments in economic and political policy.
|LA4603||EU Economic and Financial Governance||10|| More Details
The module aims to combine several separate but nevertheless increasingly integrated areas of EU governance and EU policies: EU economic and fiscal governance on the one hand and the regulation of banking and financial services in the EU on the other. This module will give to students a thorough understanding of the political and legal framework governing economic policy in the EU, the Economic and Monetary Union, fiscal policy as well as the regulation of banking and financial services within the EU and their increasing intermingling. It aims to engender a critical and multidimensional approach to understanding the various modes of governance relevant to these EU policies, including the control of regulation within the EU, the various processes put in place for these purposes and the division of responsibility between member states and EU bodies. This critical understanding of the political and legal framework of EU economic and financial governance will take account of the economic and business environment, and European integration context, as well as the current political and economic developments with respect in particular to the on-going economic and financial crisis and the creation of a European Banking Union.
|LA4938||International Corporate Governance||10|| More Details
This module aims to give students an understanding of corporate governance issues, focusing initially upon the system in place within the United Kingdom and then exploring various governance systems across the world. The module will address the following: distribution of power with companies, methods of regulating governance, auditors and internal control, the meaning and importance of good governance, the interaction of corporate social responsibility and of human rights issues to a corporation and its governance. It aims to develop students’ understanding of corporate governance across various jurisdictions and also provide an analysis of the wider moral and policy considerations underpinning today’s corporate governance laws.
Past UCLan graduates have gained or developed careers in diverse legal, professional, commercial and regulatory fields.